• Open Access

Three-Dimensional Visualization of Defects Formed during the Synthesis of Metal–Organic Frameworks: A Fluorescence Microscopy Study


  • This research was supported financially by Belspo (IAP 7), the Flemish government (long-term structural funding—Methusalem funding CASAS METH/08/04), FWO Vlaanderen (postdoctoral research fellowship to R.A.), and the European Research Council (ERC Starting Grant 307523 to M.B.J.R.).


original image

Imperfections in the spotlight: Fluorescence microscopy was used to detect defects in metal–organic frameworks formed during synthesis. In contrast to currently available techniques, confocal fluorescence microscopy offers the advantage of three-dimensional imaging at the single-crystal level combined with the sensitivity required to study the start of defect formation.