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A General Strategy for the Synthesis of Carbon Nanofibers from Solid Carbon Materials

Authors

  • Yuxia Shen,

    1. State Key Laboratory of Chemical Resource Engineering, Key Laboratory of Carbon Fiber and Functional Polymers, Ministry of Education, Beijing University of Chemical Technology, Beijing 100029 (P.R. China)
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  • Li Yan,

    1. State Key Laboratory of Chemical Resource Engineering, Key Laboratory of Carbon Fiber and Functional Polymers, Ministry of Education, Beijing University of Chemical Technology, Beijing 100029 (P.R. China)
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  • Prof. Huaihe Song,

    Corresponding author
    1. State Key Laboratory of Chemical Resource Engineering, Key Laboratory of Carbon Fiber and Functional Polymers, Ministry of Education, Beijing University of Chemical Technology, Beijing 100029 (P.R. China)
    • State Key Laboratory of Chemical Resource Engineering, Key Laboratory of Carbon Fiber and Functional Polymers, Ministry of Education, Beijing University of Chemical Technology, Beijing 100029 (P.R. China)
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  • Juan Yang,

    1. State Key Laboratory of Chemical Resource Engineering, Key Laboratory of Carbon Fiber and Functional Polymers, Ministry of Education, Beijing University of Chemical Technology, Beijing 100029 (P.R. China)
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  • Gang Yang,

    1. State Key Laboratory of Chemical Resource Engineering, Key Laboratory of Carbon Fiber and Functional Polymers, Ministry of Education, Beijing University of Chemical Technology, Beijing 100029 (P.R. China)
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  • Prof. Xiaohong Chen,

    1. State Key Laboratory of Chemical Resource Engineering, Key Laboratory of Carbon Fiber and Functional Polymers, Ministry of Education, Beijing University of Chemical Technology, Beijing 100029 (P.R. China)
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  • Dr. Jisheng Zhou,

    1. State Key Laboratory of Chemical Resource Engineering, Key Laboratory of Carbon Fiber and Functional Polymers, Ministry of Education, Beijing University of Chemical Technology, Beijing 100029 (P.R. China)
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  • Prof. Zhong-Zhen Yu,

    1. State Key Laboratory of Chemical Resource Engineering, Key Laboratory of Carbon Fiber and Functional Polymers, Ministry of Education, Beijing University of Chemical Technology, Beijing 100029 (P.R. China)
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  • Dr. Shubin Yang

    1. Department of Mechanical Engineering and Materials Science, Rice University, 6100 Main Street, Houston, TX 77006 (USA)
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  • This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (50572003 and 50972004), the State Key Basic Research Program of China (2006CB9326022006), and the Foundation of Excellent Doctoral Dissertation of Beijing City (YB20081001001).

Abstract

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Carbon nanofibers were synthesized from common solid carbon sources (such as artificial graphites and acetylene black) in the presence of an iron catalyst by direct carbonization. This inexpensive and simple method is expected to trigger a revolution in the preparation of nanocarbons.

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