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Keywords:

  • accelerator;
  • additive;
  • copper;
  • crystal growth;
  • electrodeposition
Thumbnail image of graphical abstract

Under the microscope: In situ, video-rate scanning-tunneling-microscopy imaging during Cu electrodeposition reveals a profound structural accelerating effect of Cl on the deposition process (see images). This effect could be present in systems with different metals and different additives. The structural accelerating effect is important for the fundamental understanding of electrodeposition phenomena and for applications in industry.