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Nucleic Acid-Modified Nanostructures as Programmable Atom Equivalents: Forging a New “Table of Elements”

Authors

  • Robert J. Macfarlane,

    1. Department of Chemistry and International Institute for Nanotechnology, Northwestern University, 2145 Sheridan Road, Evanston, IL 60208 (USA)
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  • Matthew N. O'Brien,

    1. Department of Chemistry and International Institute for Nanotechnology, Northwestern University, 2145 Sheridan Road, Evanston, IL 60208 (USA)
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  • Dr. Sarah Hurst Petrosko,

    1. Department of Chemistry and International Institute for Nanotechnology, Northwestern University, 2145 Sheridan Road, Evanston, IL 60208 (USA)
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  • Prof. Chad A. Mirkin

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Chemistry and International Institute for Nanotechnology, Northwestern University, 2145 Sheridan Road, Evanston, IL 60208 (USA)
    • Department of Chemistry and International Institute for Nanotechnology, Northwestern University, 2145 Sheridan Road, Evanston, IL 60208 (USA)

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  • This material is based upon work supported by AFOSR Awards FA9550-11-1-0275, FA9550-12-1-0280, and FA9550-09-1-0294, DoD/NSSEFF/NPS Awards N00244-09-1-0012 and N00244-09-1-0071, the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) Microsystems Technology Office (MTO) under award number HR0011-13-0002, the National Science Foundation’s MRSEC program (DMR-1121262) at the Materials Research Center at Northwestern University, and the Non-equilibrium Energy Research Center (NERC), an Energy Frontier Research Center funded by the DoE, Office of Science, Office of Basic Energy Sciences under Award DE-SC0000989. Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this publication are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the sponsors. R.J.M. is grateful to Northwestern University for a Ryan Fellowship. M.N.O. is grateful to the NSF for a Graduate Research Fellowship.

Abstract

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A nanoparticle-based analogue to the Periodic Table of the elements, where rather than arranging entries by electronic configuration, they are arranged by nanoscale architectural feature (e.g., composition, size, shape, and surface functionality). Using this table as a guide, the design considerations associated with using nucleic acids to assemble these nanoparticle-based programmable atom equivalents (PAEs) into superlattices is discussed.

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