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Keywords:

  • apoptosis;
  • caspase-3;
  • cyclization;
  • drug design;
  • positron emission tomography
Thumbnail image of graphical abstract

Drug Design: An 18F-labeled caspase-3-sensitive nanoaggregation positron emission tomography tracer was prepared and evaluated for imaging the caspase-3 activity in doxorubicin-treated tumor xenografts. Enhanced retention of the 18F activity in apoptotic tumors is achieved through intramolecular macrocyclization and in situ aggregation upon caspase-3 activation (see picture).