The Impact of the Mukaiyama Aldol Reaction in Total Synthesis



Four decades since Mukaiyama’s first reports on the successful application of silicon and boron enolates in directed aldol reactions, the ability of this highly controlled carbon–carbon bond-forming method to simultaneously define stereochemistry, introduce complexity, and construct the carbon skeleton with a characteristic 1,3-oxygenation pattern has made it a powerful tool for natural product synthesis. This Minireview highlights a number of representative total syntheses that demonstrate the impact of the Mukaiyama aldol reaction and discusses the underlying mechanistic rationale that determines the stereochemical outcomes.