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Keywords:

  • artificial spores;
  • composites;
  • cytocompatibility;
  • encapsulation;
  • mineralization
Thumbnail image of graphical abstract

Hard-shell case: Using a (RKK)4D8 peptide allows mineralization to occur under cytocompatible conditions. Thus individual Chlorella cells could be encapsulated within a SiO2–TiO2 nanoshell with high cell viability (87 %). The encapsulated Chlorella showed an almost threefold increase in their thermo-tolerance after 2 h at 45 °C.