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Keywords:

  • annulation;
  • heterocycles;
  • reaction mechanisms;
  • rhodium;
  • synthetic methods

Abstract

A convenient and efficient synthetic method has been developed to construct highly functionalized N-bridgehead azepine skeletons, which are of great importance in biological and pharmaceutical industry. The reaction proceeds through a rhodium(II) azavinyl carbene intermediate, which initiated the intramolecular C[BOND]H functionalization with pyrrolyl and indolyl rings. A variety of azepine derivatives were obtained in moderate to good yields under mild reaction conditions with high chemoselectivity. Several interesting derivatizations of the resulting products demonstrate that this method is synthetically valuable and useful.