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Keywords:

  • copper;
  • electrochemistry;
  • heterogeneous catalysts;
  • hydrogen;
  • nanostructures

Abstract

Searching for inexpensive hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) electrocatalysts with high activity has attracted considerable research interest in the past years. Reported herein is the topotactic fabrication of self-supported Cu3P nanowire arrays on commercial porous copper foam (Cu3P NW/CF) from its Cu(OH)2 NW/CF precursor by a low-temperature phosphidation reaction. Remarkably, as an integrated three-dimensional hydrogen-evolving cathode operating in acidic electrolytes, Cu3P NW/CF maintains its activity for at least 25 hours and exhibits an onset overpotential of 62 mV, a Tafel slope of 67 mV dec−1, and a Faradaic efficiency close to 100 %. Catalytic current density can approach 10 mA cm−2 at an overpotential of 143 mV.