Dr. Inis C. Tornieporth-Oetting and Prof. Dr. Thomas M. Klapötke
Binary nonmetal azides are known for elements from Group 13 to 17, in addition to hydrogen. These compounds have long been known to be endothermic and explosive species. Only in the last few years, however, has it been possible to determine their structures by microwave spectroscopy as well as X-ray and electron diffraction methods. In recent times, a combination of experimental and theoretical studies was used to characterize the hydrogen species HN3 and H2N, the halogen azides XN3 (X F, Cl, Br, I), and the ionic iodine azide derivatives, I2N, I(N3), and I(N3) in more detail.