We quantified the cross-sectional cortical bone area and remodeling rates in the ipsilateral femoral diaphysis and metaphysis of rabbits with carrageenan-induced inflammatory monarthritis of the knee. Although osteogenesis rates were significantly elevated (approximately threefold in diaphyses and sixfold in metaphyses), the cross-sectional bone area of the diaphysis was significantly diminished. Fivefold and sixfold increases in bone resorption rates were calculated in diaphyses and metaphyses, respectively. Other morphologic changes observed were porosity and net resorption of the anterior cortex and net accretion on the posteromedial cortex (“drift” of bone). These findings may have clinical significance with regard to the mechanisms and consequences of bone changes in patients with rheumatoid arthritis.