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Preparation, characterization, and behavior of cellulose–titanium(IV) oxide modified with organosilicone



Cellulose–titanium(IV) oxide modified with organosilicone (CTSN) was prepared by a reaction of cellulose powder with titanic chloride, followed by a reaction with 4-aza-6-aminohexyl triethoxysilane, and was characterized by infrared spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and thermogravimetric analysis. An SEM image of titanium(IV) oxide-coated cellulose and a Ti mapping image showed that titanium oxide was well dispersed on the cellulose surface. Titanium and silicon mapping images of CTSN, obtained with SEM, indicated that both oxides were uniformly dispersed on the cellulose surface. The atomic ratio of Ti to Si was obtained with X-ray energy spectral composition analysis. The adsorption behavior of CTSN toward Hg(II), Cu(II), Pb(II), Fe(III), and Cr(III) ions in aqueous solutions was determined. The adsorption behavior of CTSN toward human serum protein was preliminarily examined. © 2002 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci 84: 61–66, 2002; DOI 10.1002/app.10188