Effect of recovery methods and conditions on the yield, solubility, molecular weight, and creep compliance of regenerated chitosan

Authors

  • Rong Huei Chen,

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Food Science, National Taiwan Ocean University, 2, Peining Road, Keelung 202, Taiwan, Republic of China
    • Department of Food Science, National Taiwan Ocean University, 2, Peining Road, Keelung 202, Taiwan, Republic of China
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  • Chang Shu Liu

    1. Department of Food Science, National Taiwan Ocean University, 2, Peining Road, Keelung 202, Taiwan, Republic of China
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Abstract

The objective of this study is to explore the effect of using different recovery methods and conditions on the yield, solubility, molecular weight, and creep compliance of the regenerated chitosan. The results show that yields obtained by dialysis were higher than those using recovery medium of alkali solutions, organic solvents, or alkali–alcohol–water mixtures. For those chitosans employing alkali solutions as the recovery medium, the higher the alkali concentration used, the higher the yields obtained, although the total quantity of alkali in the solution were the same. Solubilities of regenerated chitosans were similar and independent at the methods of using alkali solution, organic solvent or alkali–alcohol–water mixture or at different concentrations of alkali solution. The molecular weight of regenerated chitosan decreased from 2.37 × 107 to 1.68 × 107 Da proportionally with the concentration of the alkali solution of the recovery medium from 1N to 8N. Creep compliance of regenerated chitosan gel obtained from 65% degree of deacetylation (DD) chitosan was lower than that of either 72 or 89% DD chitosan gel. Of the same DD chitosan, compliance of regenerated chitosan gels obtained by using a higher concentration of alkali solution was lower than that of a lower concentration ones. Hydrogels regenerated from different DD chitosans and/or different recovery mediums have different structure and tactile properties. Therefore, they can be used as wound dressings suited to different applications. © 2002 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci 84: 193–202, 2002; DOI 10.1002/app.10296

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