Reinforcement of natural rubber latex film by ultrafine calcium carbonate

Authors

  • Han-Hai Cai,

    1. Key Laboratory of Natural Rubber Processing, South China Tropical Agricultural Product Processing Research Institute Agriculture Ministry, P.O. Box 318, Zhanjiang 524001, People's Republic of China
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  • Si-Dong Li,

    Corresponding author
    1. Key Laboratory of Natural Rubber Processing, South China Tropical Agricultural Product Processing Research Institute Agriculture Ministry, P.O. Box 318, Zhanjiang 524001, People's Republic of China
    • Key Laboratory of Natural Rubber Processing, South China Tropical Agricultural Product Processing Research Institute Agriculture Ministry, P.O. Box 318, Zhanjiang 524001, People's Republic of China
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  • Guo-Ren Tian,

    1. Key Laboratory of Natural Rubber Processing, South China Tropical Agricultural Product Processing Research Institute Agriculture Ministry, P.O. Box 318, Zhanjiang 524001, People's Republic of China
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  • Hua-Bi Wang,

    1. Key Laboratory of Natural Rubber Processing, South China Tropical Agricultural Product Processing Research Institute Agriculture Ministry, P.O. Box 318, Zhanjiang 524001, People's Republic of China
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  • Jian-Hong Wang

    1. Key Laboratory of Natural Rubber Processing, South China Tropical Agricultural Product Processing Research Institute Agriculture Ministry, P.O. Box 318, Zhanjiang 524001, People's Republic of China
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Abstract

Using ultrafine calcium carbonate to reinforce natural rubber latex film, the effect of its content on latex properties such as surface tension, viscosity, mechanical stability, and heat stability and the physical properties of latex film before and after aging such as tear strength, modulus, and tensile strength were investigated. The results showed that the surface tension of natural rubber latex reinforced by ultrafine calcium carbonate only changed slightly; when the content of calcium carbonate was less than 20%, the change of viscosity was not obvious, but when the content was greater than 20%, the viscosity significantly lowered. Ultrafine calcium carbonate could effectively improve the tear strength, tensile strength, and modulus of the natural rubber latex film. The modulus increased with the increment of the calcium carbonate. When the content of calcium carbonate was less than 15%, the tear strength and tensile strength increased with the increments of calcium carbonate, but when the content was greater than 15%, the above-mentioned properties decreased with the increment of calcium carbonate. By comprehensive consideration, the best reinforcing effect was obtained at a content of 15% ultrafine calcium carbonate. The particle diameters of calcium carbonate and their distribution in the calcium carbonate emulsion and in the rubber film were analyzed with SEM and a laser particle size tester, which showed that the distribution of calcium carbonate in the latex film was even and that it could effectively reinforce natural rubber latex film. © 2002 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci 87: 982–985, 2003

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