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Nonisothermal crystallization behavior of poly (butylene terephthalate)–poly (ethylene terephthalate-co-isophthalate-co-sebacate) segmented copolyesters

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Abstract

In this paper, two different analytical methods were applied to investigate nonisothermal crystallization behavior of copolyesters prepared by melting transesterification processing from bulk polyesters involving poly (butylene terephthalate) (PBT) and ternary amorphous random copolyester poly(ethylene terephthalate-co-isophthalate-co-sebacate) (PETIS). The results show that the half-time of crystallization of copolyesters depended on the reaction time and decreased with the content of ternary polyesters in the amorphous segment. The modified Avrami model describes the nonisothermal crystallization kinetics very well. The values of the Avrami exponent range from 2.2503 to 3.7632, and the crystallization kinetics constant ranges from 0.0690 to 0.9358, presenting a mechanism of three-dimensional spherulitic growth with heterogeneous nucleation. Ozawa analysis, however, failed to describe the nonisothermal crystallization behavior of copolyesters, especially at higher cooling rate. © 2002 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci 87: 1232–1238, 2003

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