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Keywords:

  • poly(vinyl chloride) (PVC);
  • polyethylene (PE);
  • crosslinking;
  • networks

Abstract

The co-crosslinked products and the entrapping phenomenon that may exist in a poly(vinyl chloride)/low density polyethylene/dicumyl peroxide (PVC/LDPE/DCP) blend were investigated. The results of selective extraction show that unextracted PVC was due to not being co-crosslinked with LDPE but being entrapped by the networks formed by the LDPE phase. SBR, as a solid-phase dispersant, can promote the perfection of networks of the LDPE phase when it is added to the PVC/LDPE blends together with DCP, which leads to more PVC unextracted and improvement of the mechanical properties of PVC/LDPE blends. Meanwhile, the improvement of the tensile properties is dependent mainly on the properties of the LDPE networks. Finally, the mechanism of phase dispersion–crosslinking synergism is presented. © 2003 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci 88: 1296–1303, 2003