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Acrylic rubber-fluorocarbon rubber miscible blends: Effect of curatives and fillers on cure, mechanical, aging, and swelling properties

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Abstract

The cure characteristics and mechanical properties of gum and filled acrylic rubber (ACM), fluorocarbon rubber (FKM), and their blends of varying compositions were studied both under unaged and aged conditions. The rheometric study showed that optimum cure properties were obtained using a mixed curing system of blocked diamine, hexamethylenediamine carbamate (Diak #1), and ammonium benzoate. From varying the curing agents, the optimum levels of Diak #1 and ammonium benzoate were found to be 1.5 and 2.5 phr, respectively. The addition of different fillers and their loading influenced the cure properties, with increased torque and reduced scorch safety. The gum and filled 50:50 (w/w) ACM-FKM showed overall performance in strength properties. Postcuring improved the strength of all the systems, especially the systems with a higher proportion of FKM. None of the properties changed significantly during aging of the blends. FKM and the blends containing a higher proportion of FKM were affected least by aging. Swelling of the blends was reduced by the addition of fillers. Dynamic mechanical thermal analysis showed a single tan δ peak corresponding to a single phase transition for both cured and filled blends. The storage modulus of the blend increased from the gum blend to the filled blend, indicating the presence of polymer-filler interaction. © 2003 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci 89: 1442–1452, 2003

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