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Keywords:

  • rheology;
  • modeling;
  • curing of polymers;
  • polybutadiene

Abstract

A study of the effect of temperature on a mixture of polymer and curative in the processing of rocket propellants is reported. Experimental viscosity of a hydroxyl-terminated polybutadiene–toluene diisocyanate (HTPB–TDI) system was measured using a Brookfield viscometer model DV III. Viscosity showed dependence on temperature as well as time. The viscosity data of the HTPB–TDI system showed a linear relationship with temperature, with a change in slope at 45°C. The time dependence model showed a fourth-order curve fit, which gave better results over the exponential model fit. The activation energy required for flow of the HTPB–TDI system was found to be 15.5 kJ/mol. Experimental viscosity measurements at various temperatures was also carried out on a hydroxyl-terminated polybutadiene–dioctyl adipate –toluene diisocyanate (HTPB–DOA–TDI) system. The temperature dependence showed a decrease in viscosity with an increase in temperature up to 60 min, beyond which the viscosity increased. Viscosity showed a linear relation with temperature, with a change in the slope at 50°C instead of at 45°C for HTPB–TDI system. Beyond 50°C the data followed a polynomial model similar to that of the HTPB–TDI system, and the results matched well with the experimental data. The activation energy of the HTPB–DOA–TDI system increased with an increase in the binder weight ratio. © 2003 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci 89: 1331–1335, 2003