Graft copolymerization of acrylic acid onto xanthum gum using a potassium monopersulfate/Fe2+ redox pair

Authors

  • Peeyoosh Kant Pandey,

    1. Polymer Science Research Laboratory, Department of Chemistry, University of Allahabad, Allahabad 211002, U.P., India
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  • Jaya Banerjee,

    1. Polymer Science Research Laboratory, Department of Chemistry, University of Allahabad, Allahabad 211002, U.P., India
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  • Kavita Taunk,

    1. Polymer Science Research Laboratory, Department of Chemistry, University of Allahabad, Allahabad 211002, U.P., India
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  • Kunj Behari

    Corresponding author
    1. Polymer Science Research Laboratory, Department of Chemistry, University of Allahabad, Allahabad 211002, U.P., India
    • Polymer Science Research Laboratory, Department of Chemistry, University of Allahabad, Allahabad 211002, U.P., India
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Abstract

A previously unreported graft copolymer of xanthan gum (XOH) with acrylic acid was synthesized and the reaction conditions were optimized using a potassium monopersulfate (PMS)/Fe2+ redox pair. Grafting ratio, add on, and conversion increase with an increase in the ferrous ion concentration (2.0 × 10−3 to 5.0 × 10−3 mol dm−3) and PMS concentration (1.0 × 10−3 to 4.0 × 10−3 mol dm−3). It was observed that grafting takes place efficiently when the acrylic acid concentration and temperature were 5.0 × 10−2 mol dm−3 and 35°C, respectively. Samples of xanthan gum and xanthan gum–g–acrylic acid were subjected to thermogravimetric analysis with the objective of studying the effect of grafting of acrylic acid on the thermal stability of xanthan gum. The graft copolymer was found to be more thermally stable than xanthan gum. © 2003 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci 89: 1341–1346, 2003

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