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The influence of various reaction parameters on the performance of (α-diimine)nickel(II) catalysts in ethylene oligomerization reactions

Authors

  • Markus Helldörfer,

    1. Laboratorium für Anorganische Chemie, Universität Bayreuth, Universitätsstraβe 30, D-95440 Bayreuth, Germany
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  • Helmut G. Alt

    Corresponding author
    1. Laboratorium für Anorganische Chemie, Universität Bayreuth, Universitätsstraβe 30, D-95440 Bayreuth, Germany
    • Laboratorium für Anorganische Chemie, Universität Bayreuth, Universitätsstraβe 30, D-95440 Bayreuth, Germany
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Abstract

Modified (α-diimine)nickel(II) catalysts are suitable for ethylene oligomerization reactions. Due to the mechanism (“chain running”), the formation of double-bond isomers and branched olefins can be observed. The obtained oligomer mixtures show a Schulz–Flory distribution. Increasing ethylene pressure favors the selectivity of α-olefin formation. The same effect can be observed when Lewis bases like thiophene or furane are added to the oligomerization reaction mixture. These results can be related to an interaction of the additives with the catalytic active species during the oligomerization process. © 2003 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci 89: 1356–1361, 2003

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