Cellulose–poly(acrylamide–acrylic acid) interpenetrating polymer network membranes for the pervaporation of water–ethanol mixtures. II. Effect of ionic group contents and cellulose matrix modification

Authors

  • A. L. Buyanov,

    Corresponding author
    1. Institute of Macromolecular Compounds, Russian Academy of Sciences, Bolshoi prosp. 31, 199004, St. Petersburg, Russia
    • Institute of Macromolecular Compounds, Russian Academy of Sciences, Bolshoi prosp. 31, 199004, St. Petersburg, Russia
    Search for more papers by this author
  • L. G. Revel'Skaya,

    1. Institute of Macromolecular Compounds, Russian Academy of Sciences, Bolshoi prosp. 31, 199004, St. Petersburg, Russia
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Yu. P. Kuznetzov,

    1. Institute of Macromolecular Compounds, Russian Academy of Sciences, Bolshoi prosp. 31, 199004, St. Petersburg, Russia
    Search for more papers by this author
  • A. K. Khripunov

    1. Institute of Macromolecular Compounds, Russian Academy of Sciences, Bolshoi prosp. 31, 199004, St. Petersburg, Russia
    Search for more papers by this author

Abstract

The separation properties in the dehydration of a water–ethanol mixture and the swelling behavior of interpenetrating polymer network (IPN) pervaporation membranes based on a cellulose or cellulose–hydroxyethyl cellulose (HEC) matrix and poly(acrylamide and/or acrylic acid) were investigated depending on the ionic acrylate groups content (γ) in synthetic polymer chains (0–100 mol %), the HEC content in the matrix (0–50 wt %), and the temperature (25–60°C). The separation factor (α), permeation rate (P), and separation index (αP) significantly improved with increasing γ values only for the separation of concentrated ethanol solutions (∼86 wt %). For more dilute solutions of ethanol (∼46 wt %), the P and αP values also increased but no considerable increase in α was observed. All types of membranes based on the cellulose matrix were characterized by a drastic decrease in the values of P at [EtOH] ≥90 wt % and, as a result, a decrease in the separation index (kg m−2 h−1) from ∼2000 (for 86 wt % EtOH, 50°C) to ∼240 (for 95 wt % EtOH, 50°C), which correlates with a decrease in the degree of membrane swelling. The modification of the cellulose matrix by introducing HEC into it makes it possible to increase considerably the membrane swelling in concentrated EtOH solutions and, hence, the αP value to ∼760 (95 wt % EtOH, 50°C). All types of IPN membranes exhibit a marked increase in both α and P when the temperature increases from 25 to 60°C. © 2001 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci 80: 1452–1460, 2001

Ancillary