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Effects of poly(vinyl acetate) and poly(vinyl chloride-co-vinyl acetate) low-profile additives on properties of cured unsaturated polyester resins. II. glass-transition temperatures and mechanical properties

Authors

  • Yan-Jyi Huang,

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Chemical Engineering, National Taiwan University of Science and Technology, Taipei, Taiwan 106, Republic of China
    • Department of Chemical Engineering, National Taiwan University of Science and Technology, Taipei, Taiwan 106, Republic of China
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  • Tzong-Shyang Chen,

    1. Department of Chemical Engineering, National Taiwan University of Science and Technology, Taipei, Taiwan 106, Republic of China
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  • Jyh-Gau Huang,

    1. Department of Chemical Engineering, National Taiwan University of Science and Technology, Taipei, Taiwan 106, Republic of China
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  • Fuh-Huah Lee

    1. Department of Chemical Engineering, National Taiwan University of Science and Technology, Taipei, Taiwan 106, Republic of China
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Abstract

Three series of self-synthesized poly(vinyl acetate)-based low-profile additives (LPAs), including poly(vinyl acetate), poly(vinyl chloride-co-vinyl acetate), and poly(vinyl chloride-co-vinyl acetate-co-maleic anhydride), with different chemical structures and molecular weights were studied. Their effects on the glass-transition temperatures and mechanical properties for thermoset polymer blends made from styrene, unsaturated polyester, and LPAs were investigated by an integrated approach of the static phase characteristics, cured sample morphology, reaction kinetics, and property measurements. Based on Takayanagi mechanical models, the factors that control the glass-transition temperature in each phase region of the cured samples and the mechanical properties are discussed. © 2003 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci 89: 3347–3357, 2003

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