Nanocomposites of poly(trimethylene terephthalate) with organoclay

Authors

  • Cheng-Fang Ou

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Chemical Engineering, National Chin-Yi Institute of Technology, Taichung 411, Taiwan, Republic of China
    • Department of Chemical Engineering, National Chin-Yi Institute of Technology, Taichung 411, Taiwan, Republic of China
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Abstract

Two different kinds of clay were organomodified with cetylpyridinium chloride (CPC) as an intercalation agent. Poly(trimethylene terephthalate) (PTT)/organoclay nanocomposites were prepared by the solution intercalation method. Wide-angle X-ray diffraction (WAXD) indicated that the layers of clay were intercalated by CPC and the interlayer spacing was a function of the cationic exchange capacity (CEC) of the clay: the higher the CEC, the larger the interlayer spacing is. The WAXD studies showed that the interlayer spacing of organoclay in the nanocomposites depends on the amount of organoclay. From the results of differential scanning calorimetry analysis it was found that clay behaves as a nucleating agent and enhances the crystallization rate of PTT. The maximum enhancement of the crystallization rate for the nanocomposites was observed in nanocomposites containing about 5 wt % organoclay with a range of 1–15 wt %. The thermal stability of the nanocomposites was enhanced by the addition of 1–10 wt % organoclay as found from thermogravimetric analysis. The thermal stability of the PTT/organoclay nanocomposites was related to the organoclay content and the dispersion in the PTT matrix. © 2003 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci 89: 3315–3322, 2003

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