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Keywords:

  • morphology;
  • polyethylene;
  • polyvinyl chloride

Abstract

Phase dispersion and coalescence in low-density polyethylene (LDPE)/polyvinyl chloride (PVC) (70/30) blends influenced by compatibilizer and phase dispersant was studied. It was found that the morphology evolution of blends is sensitive to not only processing conditions (shear strength and mixing time) but also the added compatibilizer or phase dispersant. In our conditions, the stable phase morphology of each blend is obtained after mixing 15–25 min. In addition, the dispersed PVC phase in blends is easy to aggregate when the mixing rotor speed changed from high to low for the binary blends. As a compatibilizer, chlorided polyethylene (CPE) or nitrile rubber (NBR) can stabilize the morphology and hinder the coalescence of the dispersed PVC phase when added to the blends. However, the phase dispersant butadiene rubber (BR) or styrene butadiene rubber (SBR) could not stabilize the phase structure, although it could accelerate phase dispersion. © 2003 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci 91: 763–772, 2004