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Keywords:

  • corona-treated wood flour;
  • filled NBR compounds;
  • cure characteristics;
  • mechanical properties;
  • fillers

Abstract

Corona-treated wood flour was evaluated as a filler for NBR (nitrile butadiene rubber) compounds by studying its influence on their cure characteristics and mechanical properties. The different operating conditions of the corona treatment, such as voltage and duration, which led to different degrees of surface etching, were observed by means of electron microscopy. Accumulation of different oxygen-containing groups on the wood flour particles' surface was confirmed by means of ESCA. Wood flour–filled materials were thus obtained with varying final properties. The cure characteristics, mechanical parameters, and water adsorption of the composites were estimated to determine an optimum level of the wood flour surface modification. The corona treatment of the wood flour renders it into a semiactive filler. © 2003 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci 91: 883–889, 2004