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Synthesis and characterization of water-dispersed flame-retardant polyurethane resin using phosphorus-containing chain extender

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Abstract

In this research, a flame-retardant water-dispersed polyurethane resin was synthesized through incorporating phosphonate groups into the polyurethane structure in the chain-extension step. A phosphorus-containing reactive flame-retardant compound was synthesized for this purpose. First, bis(4-nitrophenyl)phenyl phosphine oxide was synthesized and then converted to bis(4-amino phenyl)phenyl phosphine oxide (BAPPO) by reducing its nitro groups into amines. The obtained products were characterized by IR, 1H-NMR, and 31P-NMR, and the thermal properties of the polymers were determined by DSC analysis. The BAPPO-containing polyurethane showed physical properties that were almost similar to those of phosphorus-free polyurethane and exhibited good flame resistance with a limiting oxygen index value of 27. © 2003 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci 91: 1314–1321, 2004

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