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Synthesis and dielectric properties of polystyrene-clay nanocomposite materials

Authors

  • Hong-Wen Wang,

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Chemistry and Center for Nanotechnology at CYCU, Chung-Yuan Christian University, ChungLi 320, Taiwan, Republic of China
    • Department of Chemistry and Center for Nanotechnology at CYCU, Chung-Yuan Christian University, ChungLi 320, Taiwan, Republic of China
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  • Kung-Chin Chang,

    1. Department of Chemistry and Center for Nanotechnology at CYCU, Chung-Yuan Christian University, ChungLi 320, Taiwan, Republic of China
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  • Jui-Ming Yeh,

    1. Department of Chemistry and Center for Nanotechnology at CYCU, Chung-Yuan Christian University, ChungLi 320, Taiwan, Republic of China
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  • Shir-Joe Liou

    1. Department of Chemistry and Center for Nanotechnology at CYCU, Chung-Yuan Christian University, ChungLi 320, Taiwan, Republic of China
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Abstract

Polystyrene-clay nanocomposite (PsCN) materials were synthesized and their properties of crystallinity, thermal behavior, and dielectric characteristics were investigated. A polymerizable cationic surfactant, [2-(dimethylamino)ethyl]triphenylphonium bromide, was used for the intercalation of montmorillonite (MMT). The organophilic MMT was prepared by Na+-exchanged MMT and ammonium cations of a cationic surfactant in an aqueous medium. Organophilic styrene monomers were intercalated into the interlayer regions of organophilic clay hosts followed by a free-radical polymerization. Exfoliation to 2 wt % MMT in the polystyrene (PS) matrix was achieved as revealed by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Thermal properties by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) were also studied. The dielectric properties of PsCNs in the form of film with clay loading from 1.0 to 5.0 wt % were measured under frequencies of 100 Hz–1 MHz at 25–70°C. A decreased dielectric constant and low dielectric loss were observed for PsCN materials. The dielectric response at low frequency that originated from dipole orientation was suppressed due to the intercalation of clay materials. © 2003 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci 91: 1368–1373, 2004

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