Monomolecular chain termination in the kinetics of dimethacrylate postpolymerization

Authors

  • Y. G. Medvedevskikh,

    1. Physical Chemistry and Technology of Combustible Minerals Department, L. V. Pisarzhevsky Institute of Physical Chemistry, National Academy of Sciences of the Ukraine, 3a Naukova Str., Lviv 79053, Ukraine
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  • A. R. Kytsya,

    1. Physical Chemistry and Technology of Combustible Minerals Department, L. V. Pisarzhevsky Institute of Physical Chemistry, National Academy of Sciences of the Ukraine, 3a Naukova Str., Lviv 79053, Ukraine
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  • L. I. Bazylyak,

    1. Physical Chemistry and Technology of Combustible Minerals Department, L. V. Pisarzhevsky Institute of Physical Chemistry, National Academy of Sciences of the Ukraine, 3a Naukova Str., Lviv 79053, Ukraine
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  • A. M. Bratus,

    1. Physical Chemistry and Technology of Combustible Minerals Department, L. V. Pisarzhevsky Institute of Physical Chemistry, National Academy of Sciences of the Ukraine, 3a Naukova Str., Lviv 79053, Ukraine
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  • A. A. Turovski,

    1. Physical Chemistry and Technology of Combustible Minerals Department, L. V. Pisarzhevsky Institute of Physical Chemistry, National Academy of Sciences of the Ukraine, 3a Naukova Str., Lviv 79053, Ukraine
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  • G. E. Zaikov

    Corresponding author
    1. N. Emmanuel Institute of Biochemical Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences, 4 Kosygin Str., Moscow 117977, Russia
    • N. Emmanuel Institute of Biochemical Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences, 4 Kosygin Str., Moscow 117977, Russia
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Abstract

The kinetics of postpolymerization (after ultraviolet illumination was stopped) for a number of dimethacrylates that differed by nature and molecular mass was experimentally studied over a wide range of temperatures. A series of kinetic curves that differed by the starting conversion of the dark period of time was obtained for every temperature. The proposed kinetic model of the process is based on the following main principles: (1) the process at an interface on the liquid monomer–solid polymer (micrograins) boundary takes a main share of the kinetics of postpolymerization; (2) chain termination at an interface is monomolecular, is controlled by the chain propagation rate, and represents by itself the self-burial act of active radicals in the conformation trap; and (3) monomolecular chain termination is characterized by a wide spectrum of characteristic times and that is why the function of the relaxation is described by Kohlrausch's stretched exponential law. The obtained kinetic equation was in good agreement with all of the sets of experimental data. This permitted us to estimate the rate constant of chain termination (kt) and to determine the scaling dependence of kt on the molar-volumetric concentration of the monomer in bulk [M0]. We assumed that the stretched exponential law and scaling dependence kt from [M0] were characterized by common peculiarities, namely, a wide range of characteristic times of relaxation possessed by a property of the fractal set. © 2003 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci 91: 2376–2382, 2004

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