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Study on the structure and processibility of the iodinated poly(vinyl alcohol). I. Thermal analyses of iodinated poly(vinyl alcohol) films



To get more information on the structure of iodinated poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA), thermal analyses of unoriented and oriented PVA films were conducted. Unoriented and oriented PVA films iodinated with aqueous solutions at selected concentrations were carried out by thermogravimetry (TG) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). The TG curves for the iodinated film shows four or five weight-loss zones associated with degradation and evaporation of excess I2 molecules and I2 molecules from Imath image, partial OH side groups on PVA, and I2 from Imath image, the remaining OH groups and the partial main chains, the remaining main chains, and a very small amount of residue from PVA. The char of KI salts remained. By investigating the TG results, it was identified that the amount of Imath image ions increased with increasing I2/KI up to 65%, but above that weight gain, the rate of increase diminished and the amount of Imath image ions from the Imath image ions increased. The TG curve for the oriented film was very similar to that for the unoriented film except for its greater weight loss at zone I due to narrow space in amorphous region. The DSC thermogram of iodinated films indicated two peaks at 145°C and 160–170°C, corresponding to the melting of crystals and the degradations of OH groups and main chains, respectively. The maximum temperatures of peaks were much lower than that of the untreated one. ©2003 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci 91: 2407-2415, 2004