Crystallization and melting behavior of nano-CaCO3/polypropylene composites modified by acrylic acid

Authors

  • Zhidan Lin,

    1. Materials Science Institute, College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Key Laboratory for Polymeric Composites and Functional Materials of the Ministry of Education, Zhongshan University, Guangzhou 510275, China
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  • Zhenzhen Huang,

    1. Materials Science Institute, College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Key Laboratory for Polymeric Composites and Functional Materials of the Ministry of Education, Zhongshan University, Guangzhou 510275, China
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  • Yu Zhang,

    1. Materials Science Institute, College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Key Laboratory for Polymeric Composites and Functional Materials of the Ministry of Education, Zhongshan University, Guangzhou 510275, China
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  • Kancheng Mai,

    Corresponding author
    1. Materials Science Institute, College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Key Laboratory for Polymeric Composites and Functional Materials of the Ministry of Education, Zhongshan University, Guangzhou 510275, China
    • Materials Science Institute, College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Key Laboratory for Polymeric Composites and Functional Materials of the Ministry of Education, Zhongshan University, Guangzhou 510275, China
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  • Hanmin Zeng

    1. Materials Science Institute, College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Key Laboratory for Polymeric Composites and Functional Materials of the Ministry of Education, Zhongshan University, Guangzhou 510275, China
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Abstract

Nano-CaCO3/polypropylene (PP) composites modified with polypropylene grafted with acrylic acid (PP-g-AA) or acrylic acid with and without dicumyl peroxide (DCP) were prepared by a twin-screw extruder. The crystallization and melting behavior of PP in the composites were investigated by DSC. The experimental results showed that the crystallization temperature of PP in the composites increased with increasing nano-CaCO3 content. Addition of PP-g-AA further increased the crystallization temperatures of PP in the composites. It is suggested that PP-g-AA could improve the nucleation effect of nano-CaCO3. However, the improvement in the nucleation effect of nano-CaCO3 would be saturated when the PP-g-AA content of 5 phf (parts per hundred based on weight of filler) was used. The increase in the crystallization temperature of PP was observed by adding AA into the composites and the crystallization temperature of the composites increased with increasing AA content. It is suggested that the AA reacted with nano-CaCO3 and the formation of Ca(AA)2 promoted the nucleation of PP. In the presence of DCP, the increment of the AA content had no significant influence on the crystallization temperature of PP in the composites. © 2003 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci 91: 2443–2453, 2004

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