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Hydrophobically modified acrylamide-based polybetaines. II. Interaction with surfactants in aqueous solution

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  • Paper number 102 in a series titled “Water-Soluble Polymers”.

Abstract

The interaction of hydrophobically modified (HM) polybetaines with selected small molecule surfactants in aqueous solution was investigated using rheological and surface tension analyses. The polymers included acrylamide-based, HM polybetaines containing N-butylphenylacrylamide (BPAM) and specified amounts of sulfobetaine, 3-(2-acrylamido-2-methylpropanedimethylammonio)-1-propanesulfonate (AMPDAPS), or carboxybetaine, 4-(2-acrylamido-2-methylpropyldimethylammonio)butanoate (AMPDAB); corresponding control (co)polymers lacking BPAM and/or betaine comonomer(s) were also examined for comparative purposes. Low charge density terpolymers exhibited greater viscosity enhancement with the addition of surfactant compared to the high charge density terpolymers. The addition of sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) produced the largest increase in solution viscosity, while N-dodecyl-N,N,N-trimethylammonium bromide (DTAB), N-dodecyl-N,N-dimethylammonio-1-propanesulfonate (SB3–12), and Triton X-100 enhanced polymer solution viscosity to a lesser degree. In most cases, the high charge density carboxybetaine terpolymer exhibited diminished solution viscosity upon surfactant addition. The polymers lacking hydrophobic modification showed no detectable viscosity enhancement in the presence of surfactants. © 2004 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci 92: 658–671, 2004

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