• waterborne polyurethane (WPU);
  • carboxymethyl konjac glucomannan (CMKGM);
  • blends;
  • dynamic mechanical analysis;
  • miscibility


We prepared composite materials by blending waterborne polyurethane (WPU) and carboxymethyl konjac glucomannan (CMKGM) with CMKGM content from 15 to 80 wt % in an aqueous system. The structures and properties of the blend materials were characterized by FTIR, dynamic mechanical analysis, ultraviolet spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, wide-angle X-ray diffraction, thermogravimetric analysis, and tensile testing. The results indicated that the blend sheet with 80 wt % CMKGM exhibited good miscibility and higher tensile strength (89.1 MPa) than that of both WPU (3.2 MPa) and CMKGM (56.4 MPa) sheets. Moreover, with an increase of CMKGM content, the tensile strength, Young's modulus, and thermal stability increased significantly, attributed to intermolecular hydrogen bonding between CMKGM and WPU. Based on the experimental results, the blend materials have good, or a certain degree of, miscibility over the whole range of composition ratio of WPU to CMKGM. In addition, the blend materials exhibited organic solvent resistance. This work not only provided a simple method to prepare environmentally friendly materials, but also expanded the application of CMKGM. © 2004 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci 92: 77–83, 2004