Formation of thermosensitive water-soluble copolymers with phosphinic acid groups and the thermosensitivity of the copolymers and copolymer/metal complexes

Authors

  • Takamasa Nonaka,

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Applied Chemistry and Biochemistry, Faculty of Engineering, Kumamoto University, Kurokami 2-39-1, Kumamoto 860-8555 Japan
    • Department of Applied Chemistry and Biochemistry, Faculty of Engineering, Kumamoto University, Kurokami 2-39-1, Kumamoto 860-8555 Japan
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  • Yukiko Hanada,

    1. Department of Applied Chemistry and Biochemistry, Faculty of Engineering, Kumamoto University, Kurokami 2-39-1, Kumamoto 860-8555 Japan
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  • Tsutomu Watanabe,

    1. Department of Applied Chemistry and Biochemistry, Faculty of Engineering, Kumamoto University, Kurokami 2-39-1, Kumamoto 860-8555 Japan
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  • Tomonari Ogata,

    1. Department of Applied Chemistry and Biochemistry, Faculty of Engineering, Kumamoto University, Kurokami 2-39-1, Kumamoto 860-8555 Japan
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  • Seiji Kurihara

    1. Department of Applied Chemistry and Biochemistry, Faculty of Engineering, Kumamoto University, Kurokami 2-39-1, Kumamoto 860-8555 Japan
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Abstract

Thermosensitive and water-soluble copolymers were prepared through the copolymerization of acryloyloxypropyl phosphinic acid (APPA) and N-isopropyl acrylamide (NIPAAm). The thermosensitivity of the copolymers and copolymer/metal complexes was studied. The APPA–NIPAAm copolymers with less than 11 mol % APPA moiety had a lower critical solution temperature (LCST) of approximately 45°C, but the APPA–NIPAAm copolymers with greater than 21 mol % APPA moiety had no LCST from 25 to 55°C. The APPA–NIPAAm copolymers had a higher adsorption capacity for Sm3+, Nd3+, and La3+ than for Cu2+, Ni2+ and Co2+. The APPA–NIPAAm (10:90) copolymer/metal (Sm3+, Nd3+, or La3+) complexes became water-insoluble above 45°C at pH 6–7, but the APPA–NIPAAm (10:90) copolymer/metal (Cu2+,Ni2+, or Co2+) complexes were water-soluble from 25 to 55°C at pH 6–7. The temperature at which both the APPA–NIPAAm copolymers and the copolymer/metal complexes became water-insoluble increased as the pH values of the solutions increased. The APPA–NIPAAm copolymers were able to separate metal ions from their mixed solutions when the temperature of the solutions was changed; this was followed by centrifugation of the copolymer/metal complexes after the copolymers were added to the metal solutions. © 2004 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci 92: 116–125, 2004

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