Effect of shearing on crystallization behavior of poly(ethylene terephthalate)

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Abstract

The shear-induced crystallization behavior of PET was investigated by measuring the time-dependent storage modulus (G′) and dynamic viscosity (η′) with a parallel-plate rheometer at different temperatures and shear rate. The morphology of shear-induced crystallized PET was measured by DSC, X-ray, and polarizing optical microscopy. When a constant shear rate was added to the molten polymer, the shear stress increased with the time as a result of the orientation of molecular chains. The induction time of crystallization is decreased with frequency. Moreover, the rate of isothermal crystallization of PET was notably decreased with increasing temperature. The shape of spherulites is changed to ellipsoid in the direction of shear. In addition, aggregation of spherulites is increased with increasing frequency. Particularly, the row nucleation morphology could be observed under polarized light for ω = 1. From the results of DSC, the melting point and enthalpy have a tendency to decrease slightly with increasing frequency. The crystallite size and perfectness decreased with frequency, which was confirmed with X-ray data. The unit length of the crystallographic unit cell of the PET increased and the (1 0 3) plane peak increased with increasing frequency. © 2001 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci 80: 2640–2646, 2001

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