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Macromolecular modification of EPDM: Wettability, miscibility, and morphology study

Authors

  • Milena Ginic-Markovic,

    1. Polymer Science Group, Ian Wark Research Institute, University of South Australia, The Levels, South Australia 5095, Australia
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  • Namita Roy Choudhury,

    Corresponding author
    1. Polymer Science Group, Ian Wark Research Institute, University of South Australia, The Levels, South Australia 5095, Australia
    • Polymer Science Group, Ian Wark Research Institute, University of South Australia, The Levels, South Australia 5095, Australia
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  • Maria Dimopoulos,

    1. Polymer Science Group, Ian Wark Research Institute, University of South Australia, The Levels, South Australia 5095, Australia
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  • Janis Matisons,

    1. Polymer Science Group, Ian Wark Research Institute, University of South Australia, The Levels, South Australia 5095, Australia
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  • Chandima Kumudinie

    1. Polymer Research Center, Department of Chemistry, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, Ohio 45221-0172
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Abstract

The present investigation deals with studies on wettability, miscibility, and morphology of the macromolecularly modified EPDM. Two different maleated EPDM rubbers (grafted rubber) were chosen (0.5 and 1% maleation) for such modification and they were used in various proportions. Wettability of the rubber substrate, as observed from dynamic contact angle measurement, was improved using these grafted rubbers. Results of X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy showed an increase in oxygen level with higher levels of grafted rubber in the blends. Morphology study by transmission electron microscopy showed a smaller domain size for the blend with higher maleic anhydride content in the grafted rubber. The viscosity versus blend ratio results showed a negative deviation behavior for blends with 1% grafted rubber, whereas a positive negative deviation behavior was observed in blends with 0.5% grafted EPDM. As the strength of interaction increased, the glass transition shifted to a higher temperature. All blends were heterogeneous, as indicated by different degrees of dispersion. © 2001 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci 80: 2647–2661, 2001

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