The dynamic properties of carbon black-loaded natural rubber vulcanizates. Part I


  • Paper read at the Rheology Society symposium “Rheology of Elastomers,” University College, Swansea, England, September 10, 1960.


The dynamic properties of a natural vulcanized rubber containing carbon black were studied for dynamic tensions of amplitude varying greatly. It was shown that both the elastic responses and viscosity change with amplitude of oscillation and with concentration and type of carbon black. The effects of thermal treatment on the dynamic modulus were also studied. Beginning with conditions of equilibrium between the hard and soft regions of the vulcanizate for very weak stresses, the values for the formation of hard regions from soft regions were determined by means of the Van't hoff isochore.