Dynamic and tensile properties of epoxy resins
Article first published online: 9 MAR 2003
Copyright © 1965 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Journal of Applied Polymer Science
Volume 9, Issue 4, pages 1213–1225, April 1965
How to Cite
Kaelble, D. H. (1965), Dynamic and tensile properties of epoxy resins. J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 9: 1213–1225. doi: 10.1002/app.1965.070090403
- Issue published online: 9 MAR 2003
- Article first published online: 9 MAR 2003
- Manuscript Received: 11 MAY 1964
The dynamic mechanical and tensile deformation and ultimate properties are reported for two epoxy resins in the temperature range, from the glass transition Tg to Tg + 100°C. The epoxy resins are stoichiometrically reacted diglycidyl ether of bisphenol A with an aromatic (Tg = 115°C.) and an aliphatic (Tg = 47°C.) diamine curing agent. Dynamic measurements were conducted on a rotating cantilever beam instrument over the frequency range from 0.01–100 cycles/sec. Tensile deformation and fracture characterization were obtained by constant rate of strain measurement at strain rates of 0.000445–0.445 sec. −1. Both dynamic and tensile modulus data as well as ultimate stress and strain response superimpose by time and temperature reduction to form unified “master curves.” The time or frequency shift factor aT for both dynamic and tensile deformation and fracture properties follow the predictions of the familiar Williams-Landel-Ferry equation. The rheological and fracture master curves are discussed in terms of both monomer composition and equilibrium response of the crosslinked network. The regions of maximum dynamic dispersion are associated with rubbery state high elasticity tensile response for these epoxies and the magnitude of responses correlated.