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Abstract

The polymerization of styrene on neutral mineral surfaces has been studied. It has been shown that the polymerization has characteristics expected for both a radical and cationic reaction, and a mechanism involving a radical-carbonium ion is proposed to explain this evidence. A range of mineral catalysts have been investigated and a tentative theory proposed to relate the variation in activity with catalyst structure. Experiments have also been carried out to define the specific portion of the mineral surface responsible for the catalyst activity.