Simple theory of stress-strain properties of filled polymers


  • Prod. No. 1282


By the use of simple models of filled plastics, approximate equations are derived for the elongation to break in the case of perfect adhesion between the phases and for the tensile strength in the case of no adhesion between the polymer and filler phases. By combining these equations with equations for the modulus (assuming Hookean behavior) all the stress–strain properties can be derived, including rough estimates of the impact strength, as a function of filler concentration. Among other things, the theory predicts a very rapid decrease in elongation to break as filler concentration increases, especially for the case of good adhesion. It is also predicted for the case of good adhesion that the tensile strength of a filled polymer can be greater than that of an unfilled polymer.