Experimental determination of ultrasonic wave velocities in plastics as functions of temperature. II. Effect of lamination angle for layered materials

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Abstract

Ultrasonic longitudinal wave velocities in layered materials were measured as a function of the lamination angle at several temperatures. It was found that the longitudinal wave velocity versus lamination angle curve maintains the same shape (for a given material) for temperatures between 25 and 125°C. Furthermore, it was found that the wave velocity versus lamination angle curve can be predicted to within 2% by a theoretical equation involving only the lamination angle, & thetas; (taken as the angle between the grain of the sample and the direction of sound propagation); c (0°), the measured wave velocity at an angle of 0°; and c (90°) the measured wave velocity at an angle of 90°. Finally, it was found that the longitudinal wave velocity of certain materials varies as much as 25% between lamination angles of 0° and 90°, while other materials show less variation, and some none at all.

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