Heptane-soluble material from atactic polypropylene. II. Interaction with liquids


  • Prod. No. 1369


Reduced melting point and swelling measurements, involving heptane-soluble material from atactic polypropylene and over thirty liquids of differing chemical type, are reported. A value of 578 ± 40 cal. is obtained for the molar heat of fusion of a crystalline repeat unit which is much lower than values given for isotactic polypropylene. Some reasons for the low value are considered. Values of the polymer-solvent interaction parameter χ1 for systems involving alkylbenzenes and n-alkanes suggest a solubility parameter of 7.9 ± 0.1 (cal./cc)1/2 for the polymer. These values of χ1 decrease with increasing molar volume of liquid. Polar liquids of comparable solubility parameter or molar volume are associated with higher values of χ1. Intrinsic viscosities and values of the slope constant k′ are given for fractions in the molecular weight range 3,000–25,000 and six solvents at 25°C. The results suggest the following order of solvent power: cyclohexane ≈ cyclohexene > methylcyclohexane > trichloroethylene > decalin > carbon tetrachloride. Intrinsic viscosities are higher than those generally obtained for flexible polymers of comparable molecular weight, and the values of the Mark-Houwink exponent appear to be high. Some reasons for these high values are considered.