A simple theory of filler reinforcement in elastomers subjected to shear

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Abstract

The effects of a filler in an elastomer can be described by means of a theory based on a simple model in which the filler particles are assumed to be of uniform size, of cubic shape, and dispersed in such a manner as to occupy the points of a cubic space lattice. For the case of shear deformation, simple relations can be derived for the increase in the storage modulus G' and the loss modulus, G″ of the bulk material with an increase in filler content. Furthermore, the theory predicts the temperature shift of two points which can be easily determined experimentally: the inflection point of G' and the maximum of G″.

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