Antiplasticization. II. Characteristics of antiplasticizers

Authors


  • Paper presented at the 152nd National Meeting of the American Chemical Society, New York, September 1966.

  • Prod. No. 1450

Abstract

By the incorporation of certain types of additives in bisphenol A polycarbonate, the modulus and tensile strength of the films are increased and the elongation is decreased. This effect is called antiplasticization, because the opposite results are obtained on plasticization—decreased modulus and tensile strength and increased elongation. A study of these additives indicated that antiplasticizers are compounds which are comptiable with the polymer and which (1) contain polar atoms such as halogen, nitrogen, oxygen, or sulfur, (2) contain at least two nonbridged rings, (3) have a glass transition temperature greater than −50°C., and (4) have one dimension less than about 5.5 A. in at least 65% of the length of the molecules.

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