Reversible gelation of acrylonitrile–vinyl acetate copolymer solutions

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  • Prod. No. 1473

Abstract

The reversible gelation of acrylonitrile–vinyl acetate copolymers in concentrated solutions has been studied with the use of various solvents. These concentrated solutions gel or become rigid with time, but they become fluid again when heated above a certain temperature called the gel melting point. A technique involving the use of mercury drops was developed to measure this transition. This temperature was evaluated as a function of solids level, water content in the solvent, and the amount of vinyl acetate in the copolymer, dimethylacetamide being used as the solvent. Four other solvents were used to obtain limited data. Gel melting was studied further by differential thermal analysis and shear modulus measurements. The results are discussed in terms of network formation and solubility. The x-ray diffraction results imply that the tie points of the gel are crystalline.

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