Fiber structures: A fresh look from metallography



The parallel between fibers and metals is discussed in terms of their behavior upon heat treatment, crystallite size and orientation, and diffusion of atoms and molecules. It is pointed out that the degree of crystallinity employed to interpret the x-ray diffraction patterns of fibers is not an important physical parameter. The need for critical study of the mechanism of the growth of primary and secondary walls is stressed for a better understanding of the physical properties of fibers. Reference is made to Hosemann's theory of paracrystals which will help to resolve the “open” problems in polymer physics.