Preparation, glass transition temperature, and δ relaxation effect of poly(vinyl isonicotinate)

Authors

  • G. Pizzirani,

    1. Centro Nazionale di Chimica delle Macromolecole del C. N. R., Sezione VI, Istituto di Chimica Industriale ed Applicata dell'Università di Pisa, Italy
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  • P. L. Magagnini

    1. Centro Nazionale di Chimica delle Macromolecole del C. N. R., Sezione VI, Istituto di Chimica Industriale ed Applicata dell'Università di Pisa, Italy
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Abstract

Poly(vinyl isonicotinate) was prepared by esterification of poly(vinyl alcohol) with isonicotinoyl chloride in pyridine solution. Poly(vinyl nicotinate) was also prepared. Density, refractive index, and glass transition of the polymers were determined. The low temperature dynamic mechanical properties of poly(vinyl isonicotinate) are characterized by a relaxation effect which is associated with thermally excited motions of the pyridine rings (δ relaxation). The strong displacement of such a phenomenon toward higher temperatures, with respect to poly(vinyl benzoate), is interpreted as due to the elevated polarity of the pyridine ring.

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