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Abstract

A composite reverse-osmosis membrane has been developed for seawater desalination having a 400-Å semipermeable barrier. The membrane is prepared by directly forming a very thin film of a polymer, generally cellulose triacetate, upon the finely porous surface of a supporting membrane. The composite membrane, capable of desalinating seawater in a single pass, has demonstrated improved flux stability at high pressures over modified membranes currently used to desalinate brackish water.