Spinning of poly(ethylene terephthalate) fibers from a melt pool without a spinneret



Monofilament fibers were spun continuously from the free surface of a pool of molten poly(ethylene terephthalate) without the aid of a spinneret. For take-up velocities in the range of 12 to 400 ft/min, the denier of the filaments produced was an inverse power function of take-up velocity, and the birefringence was an inverse power function of the filament diameter. Production rate and product uniformity were strongly dependent on take-up velocity and surface temperature of the melt pool.