The influence of solvent type on the viscosity of concentrated polymer solutions



The viscosity of concentrated (17.5 g/dl) solutions of cellulose acetate in 11 single solvents and in four binary solvent mixtures was related to a thermodynamic measure of solvent power. In single solvents, the specific viscosity varied from 4600 in dimethyl sulfoxide to 78,000 in diacetone alcohol, with the specific viscosity increasing with decreasing abolute value of the partial molar free energy of dilution. This behavior can be accounted for by the hypothesis that the number of chain entanglements increases with decreasing solvent power. In solvent mixtures, the specific viscosity often attains a minimum value at a composition where the average solubility parameter locus is near the center of the solubility region of the polymer.