The characterization of eight fully aromatic polyamides are described with the procedures required to yield film- and fiber-forming materials. Solutions of these aromatic polyamides in dimethylacetamide were characterized by NMR and the effects of dissolved lithium chloride on these spectra investigated. The NMR resonances for specific protons in these polymers are assigned. The IR spectra of thin films and fibers of these polyamides are also reported, together with glass transition temperatures as measured by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). The value of NMR and IR to identify specific polyamide homopolymers and copolymers is discussed.